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Canada's Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands

Despite its size as the second largest country in the world, Canada's population is concentrated in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands. Home to over 50% of Canada's population, with a population density of over 150 people/km2, this region is also know as the Heartland, where finance, industry, transportation, urbanization and farming all compete for limited land resources. Underlain by paleozoic sedimentary limestones and shales, this generally flat, glaciated region has a few, small natural areas including the Niagara Escarpment (a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve), Point Pelee and Bruce Peninsula National Parks and Minesing Swamp.

Ontario's farmlands stretch across the Lake Ontario plain to the Niagara Escarpment.
Ontario's farmlands stretch across the Lake Ontario plain to the Niagara Escarpment.
In Spring, Ontario's Provincial Flower, the Trillium, grows amongst the deciduous trees of this maple-beech forest.
In Spring, Ontario's Provincial Flower, the Trillium, grows amongst the deciduous trees of this maple-beech forest.
As far as crops go, corn is king in southern Ontario, most of it being grown to feed livestock.
As far as crops go, corn is king in southern Ontario, most of it being grown to feed livestock.
A beef farm on Ontario.
A beef farm on Ontario.
Ontario's Niagara Escarpment - A UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve - winds its way northwards from Niagara Falls to Tobermory. This stretch is along the Georgian Bay shoreline of Bruce Peninsula National Park.
Ontario's Niagara Escarpment - A UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve - winds its way northwards from Niagara Falls to Tobermory. This stretch is along the Georgian Bay shoreline of Bruce Peninsula National Park.
The eroded shales of the Cheltenham Badlands are a stark reminder of how land can be vulnerable to overgrazing.
The eroded shales of the Cheltenham Badlands are a stark reminder of how land can be vulnerable to overgrazing.
The brilliant autumn colours in the Spencer Gorge Wilderness Area in Hamilton are evidence of the deciduous forests found here.
The brilliant autumn colours in the Spencer Gorge Wilderness Area in Hamilton are evidence of the deciduous forests found here.
Tews Falls, Dundas plummets over the sedimentary rock layers of the Niagara Escarpment, a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve.
Tews Falls, Dundas plummets over the sedimentary rock layers of the Niagara Escarpment, a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve.
The sea stacks of Flowerpot Island in Georgian Bay off the northern tip of the Bruce Peninsula are part of Fathom Five National Marine Park and are a popular destination for kayakers.
The sea stacks of Flowerpot Island in Georgian Bay off the northern tip of the Bruce Peninsula are part of Fathom Five National Marine Park and are a popular destination for kayakers.
Shear cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment plunge into the cold, clear waters of Georgian Bay.
Shear cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment plunge into the cold, clear waters of Georgian Bay.
Changing of the Guard, Parliament Hill, Ottawa
Changing of the Guard, Parliament Hill, Ottawa
The Maid-of-the-Mist takes summer travellers into the mists of Niagara Falls, which flows over the Niagara Escarpment.
The Maid-of-the-Mist takes summer travellers into the mists of Niagara Falls, which flows over the Niagara Escarpment.

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